Status is a legal concept that defines the standing of an individual in terms of their personal and property-related rights and obligations. In the context of immigration law, it is the name of the visa category assigned to a person and the set of privileges they receive when becoming a permanent resident or non-immigrant (holder of a temporary visa). Legal status is the position or status held by an entity as determined by law. It implies a set of rights, duties, powers or restrictions that have been declared or contemplated by law.
A legal entity is any human or non-human entity that is treated as a person for certain legal purposes. Civil death is the legal status of a person who is alive but has been deprived of their rights and privileges as a citizen or member of society; it is also the legal status of someone who has been sentenced to life imprisonment. The legal status of an individual can be determined by various factors, such as their nationality, residence, marital status, age, and occupation. It can also be affected by their criminal record, financial situation, and other factors. Depending on the jurisdiction, different laws may apply to different individuals.
For example, in some countries, minors are not considered to have full legal capacity and are not allowed to enter into contracts or own property. In addition to determining an individual's rights and obligations, legal status can also affect their access to certain services and benefits. For example, in some countries, individuals with permanent residency status may be eligible for certain social security benefits that are not available to non-residents. Similarly, individuals with certain types of visas may be eligible for certain types of employment. It is important to note that legal status does not necessarily equate to citizenship. While citizenship grants an individual certain rights and privileges, it does not necessarily confer any legal status.
For example, in some countries, individuals may be granted permanent residency without being granted citizenship. Understanding the legal status of an individual is essential for navigating the complexities of immigration law. It is important to consult with an experienced immigration lawyer to ensure that all applicable laws are being followed and that all necessary documents are in order.